Simmonds, Brady & Loi - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Implant Specialists, P.C. Dr. Karen Simmonds, Dr. Michael Brady, Dr. Thuan Loi - 19 E. Genesee St. Auburn, NY 13021, 315-253-8408 - 55 North St. Geneva, NY 14456, 315-781-8502

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Patient Information

What is TMJ?

Your upper and lower jaws are held together by a complex joint that moves your lower jaw forward and sideways. When this joint does not work properly, the disorder is called TMD. This condition can be caused by factors within the temporomandibular joint (bone, disc, cartilage) or external factors (muscles of mastication, occlusion).

What are the Signs of TMD?

Some of the most common TMD symptoms include:
* Misalignment of the upper and lower teeth (a sudden change in the way they fit together)
* Pain when chewing or yawning
* Headaches, earaches, pressure behind the eyes
* Clicking or popping sound when you open or close your mouth
* Jaws that "get stuck"
* Tenderness of the jaw muscles

What are some of the causes of TMD?

*  Osteoarthritis
*  Rheumatoid Arthritis
*  Autoimmune Disorders
*  Foreign Body Reactions
*  Tumors or Neoplastic Processes
*  Displaced articular discs
*  Foreign body reactions
*  Previous TMJ Surgeries
*  Hemifacial Microsomia or other congenital deformities

TMD can be extremely difficult to treat as the cause is often multifactorial in its origin. There is often more than one cause or combination of causes leading to the problems. Often times correcting a functional problem in the joint, such as repositioning the disc may or may not alleviate the symptoms. It is important to understand this prior to undergoing a TMJ surgery.

A pain management specialist may become involved to control the extent of your TMD. Often times TMJ pain can be difficult to manage with TMJ surgery alone. This becomes much more important in patients with long standing TMJ pain or TMD.

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